Tim Gunn: The Fashion Industry Is Not Making It Work For Plus-Size Women

Tim Gunn with Project Runway co-host, Heidi Klum, at night two of the Creative Arts Emmy Awards at the Microsoft Theater on Sept. 11, 2016, in Los Angeles. Richard Shotwell/Richard Shotwell/Invision/AP hide caption

toggle caption Richard Shotwell/Richard Shotwell/Invision/AP

Tim Gunn, Emmy-winning co-host of the show, Project Runway, says the fashion industry is not making it work for plus-size women.

In an article for The Washington Post, he called it a disgrace.

Gunn, a fixture in the fashion world and a long-time design educator, is calling on designers to get over their disdain, lack of imagination, or cowardice and make clothes for women who are above size 12.

He tells NPR’s Kelly McEvers that the fashion industry needs to adjust itself to take advantage of the market for plus-size clothing.

“I mean, there are 100 million women in this country who are larger than a size 12,” Gunn says. “If I were a retailer, gee, I would certainly like to help corner that market.”

Interview Highlights

On the lack of plus-size models at New York Fashion Week

I didn’t even have to see the shows to know that I would be correct. There were some plus-size models on the runway, and I’m happy to say that Christian Siriano led that cause. And what I loved about his show is that he fully integrated the models that were larger than a size 12 with all the little double and triple zeros. And it was all seamless.

On how the industry needs to market better to plus-size women

Well, the market does need to correct itself, and I blame, certainly, the fashion design industry, I blame the retail industry. When I was at Liz Claiborne, I was in a position to be face-to-face with major retailers, and I would ask the question about this, to which I would be told, “Well, she doesn’t spend that much.”

And I said, “Have you been in your own department for these women? The clothes are hideous. If I were she, I wouldn’t shop either.” Also, how do you find the departments? Usually stuck behind pots and pans. It’s just so marginalized, it’s insulting — and it needs to change.

On the fashion industry’s reaction to his piece

Well, I’ll tell you it has been very polarizing. There have been people who have rallied around this cause and said, “Yes, we need to do more.” Then there have been other people who have basically said, “How dare you point a finger at this industry? And how dare you try to strip away all this glitz and glamour that we represent?” To which I said, “You mean, glitz and glamour can only go with a size double zero, eating disorder person. Is that what you’re saying? Because as far as I’m concerned, glitz and glamour knows no boundaries.

On recommending clothes to make people look taller and slimmer

I mean, I’m more of an advocate for having us look long and lean than I am an advocate for having us look short and squat because we simply look better. But my point is if you are short and squat, you can look long and lean.

On his advice to plus-size women

I would say that women should stay away from items that are one piece, meaning a dress or a jumpsuit. You can buy separates and have it still look like one piece. They’re so much easier to fit. Colors are important, and jewel tones tend to be more flattering on most people than pastels, which are washed out and tend to make us look washed out. Prints are wonderful, but they can be dicey. I’m an advocate for medium-sized prints. Nothing too small — it looks infantile. Nothing too big, and we all end up looking like a couch.

The rules are very similar whether you’re a size two, or you’re a size 22. And silhouette proportion and fit are critical. And also on the topic of fit, our clothes need to skim us. They shouldn’t hug us like a wet suit, and they shouldn’t cascade away from us like a giant muumuu. …

There are occasions when [a muumuu] is very appropriate, or if that’s your style. I don’t believe in making anyone into my dress-up doll. And any make-betters that I do are truly a collaboration. I pummel people with questions, ask them, “What do you do? With whom do you interact? How do you want to present yourself to the world?” And then let’s do it the best that we possibly can.

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Epic Climate Cartoon Goes Viral But It Has One Key Problem

Source: XKCD

From anthrax outbreaks in thawing permafrost to rice farms flooded with salty water, climate change seems to play a bigger and bigger role in global health each year.

But sometimes it can be hard to grasp what all the numbers and stats mean. For instance, when scientists say the Earth’s average surface temperature has gone up about 1 degree Celsius over the past 150 years or so, what does that really mean? Besides, hasn’t the Earth’s temperature always fluctuated?

Now a cartoon from Randall Munroe, a former roboticist at NASA, helps put the numbers into perspective.

Before scrolling through it, check out those axes.

Along the x-axis is temperature change. And each vertical block of color is 1 degree Celsius or 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit.

On the y-axis, we’ve got time. The whole cartoon, which starts at the end of the last ice age, represents about 22,000 years. People have been around for about 200,000 years. The dinosaurs were around about 65 million years ago. And Earth is 4.5 billion years old. So the graph is only a teeny-tiny period of the Earth’s lifetime.


“The cartoon is fantastic!” says Curt Stager, a paleoecologist at Paul Smith’s College.

“Really seeing the temperature changes over the long time scale helps you grasp, on a gut level, what we’re doing to the Earth,” he adds.

But there’s one problem with the graphic that makes it a bit misleading.

As you scroll up and down the graphic, it looks like the temperature of the Earth’s surface has stayed remarkably stable for 10,000 years. It sort of hovers around the same temperature for some 10,000 years … until bam! The industrial revolution begins. We start producing large amounts of carbon dioxide. And things heat up way more quickly.

Now look a bit closer at the bottom of the graphic. See how all of a sudden, around 150 years ago, Munroe changes the dotted line depicting average Earth temperature to a solid line. He makes this change because the data used to create the lines comes from two very different sources.

The solid line comes from real data — from scientists actually measuring the average temperature of the Earth’s surface. These measurements allow us to see temperature fluctuations that occur over a very short timescale, say a few decades or so.

But the dotted line comes from computer models — from scientists reconstructing the Earth’s surface temperature. This gives us very, very coarse information. It averages the Earth’s temperature over hundreds of years. So we can see temperature fluctuations that occur only over longer periods of time, like a thousand years or so. Any upticks, spikes or dips that occur in shorter time frames get smoothed out.

So in a way the graphic is really comparing apples and oranges: measurements of the recent past versus reconstructions of more ancient times.

In fact, if you take the modeling method used to create the dotted line and extend it all the way out to the present, the recent spike in the Earth’s temperature would be partly smoothed. Kevin Anchukaitis, a paleoclimatogist at the University of Arizona, ran that exact experiment Tuesday and showed his results on Twitter.

“It isn’t possible to confidently compare annual observations v. millennial-scale reconstructions, he writes, without accounting for these differences in the data’s resolution.

Still, at the end of the day, the conclusion about climate change is the same, Anchukaitis says: “We are taking the planet into a fundamentally different state.”

Andrea Dutton, a geochemist at the University of Florida, agrees.

“One to 2 degrees Celsius sounds really small when you hear scientists talk about it,” she says. “But it’s a big deal when it comes to the climate of the Earth. And it means really enormous changes for coastlines around the world.

This graphic, she says, helps us make the connection between the numbers and their impact on life, even if the cartoon itself isn’t perfect.

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The Troubled Galaxy Note 7 Leaves Some Samsung Customers Frustrated

Samsung’s Galaxy Note 7 is demonstrated in New York on July 28. All owners of the new smartphone have been urged to exchange the device after reports of phones’ exploding or catching fire. Richard Drew/AP hide caption

toggle caption Richard Drew/AP

Samantha Cannariato has been trying to return her Samsung Galaxy Note 7 for more than a week. All owners have been urged to exchange the device after reports of phones exploding or catching fire. After hours in calls and five trips to the store, Cannariato still can’t get rid of the phone.

Her story — like that of many other U.S. users trying to take part in Samsung’s unofficial recall — winds through a network of stores, interchanging sales reps, bureaucratic intricacies and unclear guidelines. As the world’s largest smartphone maker pushes to reclaim some 2.5 million potentially hazardous units shipped globally, it is facing an enormous-scale process and growing concerns about the recall’s lasting impact.

Cannariato’s Galaxy Note 7 is less than a month old. Its purchase was well-weighed — she calls it her first “fancy phone.” And it is: Waterproof, with curved display, top-rated camera and a practical stylus, Samsung’s latest smartphone is a crown jewel, the company’s “best,” an anticipated rival to Apple’s new iPhone. “A really great phone,” in Cannariato’s words.

But then came several dozen reports that the phones overheated and flared up, particularly while being charged. Samsung Electronics traced the problem to a flaw in the phone’s lithium-ion battery — such batteries have afflicted other devices before, setting ablaze “hoverboard” scooters, electric cars, airplanes and iPods.

“There was a tiny problem in the manufacturing process, so it was very difficult to figure out,” Dongjin Koh, president of Samsung’s mobile business, told reporters on Sept. 2.

The company launched a global recall. “It will cost us so much it makes my heart ache,” Koh said. But “what is most important is customer safety,” he said.

Dongjin Koh, president of Samsung Electronics’ mobile business, speaks at a news conference in Seoul on Sept. 2. Kim Hong-ji/AP hide caption

toggle caption Kim Hong-ji/AP

Cannariato, who works in logistics in Port Wentworth, Ga., heard the news a day or two later. First came a Facebook post from a friend who had helped her pick the phone. Then came a message from her carrier, AT&T.

She hurried over to an AT&T authorized retailer where she had bought the device. The clerk asked her whether she was experiencing problems with the phone (she wasn’t) and declined to accept it. Cannariato decided to give it time; the directions may have not trickled down, she thought. When she returned later that week, another clerk referred her to an official AT&T store.

As part of the recall, Samsung is offering to switch U.S. consumers to another Galaxy phone or get a loaner phone until the new, safer Galaxy Note 7 becomes available, plus a gift of $25. Major carriers, including AT&T, have expanded the offer to exchange the recalled Samsung phones for any other phone in the store.

However, AT&T representatives referred Cannariato back to the retailer that had sold her the phone — they couldn’t find her in the system. There, she faced another, almost gleeful, rejection from another clerk, she says.

Then the system was down. The store didn’t pick up the phone. On the fifth visit, a manager said Cannariato couldn’t exchange her phone because it was attached to a business account, not in her name but in her mother’s. Later, she was referred back to the original retailer.

Meanwhile, she continues to use her Galaxy Note 7. “When I use the charger, I put it in a metal loaf pan,” she says, “and leave it there with nothing around that could catch fire.”

Altogether, Cannariato estimates the exchange has subsumed more than 10 hours. “I’ve been in the store, on the phone, waited, been online. I have texted, I have tweeted, I have Facebooked,” Cannariato says. “There’s no one way to do this. There are a million different avenues and it’s easy for each avenue to push the problem to someone else.”

Such complications, to varying degrees, are faced by other customers. Alongside stories of completely smooth transactions floating on Twitter, reddit and Samsung forums are posts about lengthy customer service calls, unnecessary store visits, demands of original boxes or accessories and other hiccups.

“That’s really on Samsung,” says Avi Greengart, consumer devices analyst at market research firm Current Analysis. “They have not been very clear in their communications, in terms of what specifically is a problem, how it will be resolved and what’s the time frame.”

In its announcements so far, Samsung Electronics America refers to the fire-hazard problem vaguely as a “battery cell issue” and to the recall as “a product exchange program.” The company says consumers will be able to get a new version of the Note 7, but its approval is pending without a clear release date.

In a statement, the company says it is working with the Consumer Product Safety Commission and “carrier partners to develop and evaluate solutions that are best for US Note 7 owners. No action will be taken without the approval of the CPSC. Customer safety remains our top priority.”

And the CPSC’s involvement is, in fact, part of the challenge. That is the agency that facilitates product recalls.

Traditionally, companies voluntarily work with the government to operate the recall process, providing the details of a problem. That prompts a formal recall notice, which legally halts all sales of the faulty product and creates a central location for consumers to report incidents, learn about remedies and find proper channels to pursue them.

This has yet to happen for the Galaxy Note 7. A week after Koh’s press conference, the CPSC issued a warning to consumers to power down Note 7s and stop charging or using them. Samsung and the CPSC have yet to announce a formal recall. Technically, it’s still completely legal to keep selling the Galaxy Note 7 — and some do remain on sale online.

“This is going to hammer Samsung earnings, but it doesn’t have to permanently damage Samsung’s brand if they react swiftly and clearly,” Greengart says. And so far, he says, “they’ve undercommunicated, rather than overcommunicated.”

Samsung’s shares regained some strength in Wednesday’s trading after taking a nosedive on the news of the recall, which erased billions of dollars in company value.

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A 'Whisper' Of News Creates A Commentary Brouhaha

Cokie Roberts talks to George Stephanopoulos, on ABC’s “Good Morning America” in 2015. Fred Lee/ABC via Getty Images hide caption

toggle caption Fred Lee/ABC via Getty Images

Many listeners (and political commentators, too) have expressed concerns about Monday’s political commentary on Morning Edition, in which Cokie Roberts said, with no specific attribution, that whispering “Democrats” are discussing the possibility of having Democratic party presidential nominee Hillary Clinton “step aside and finding another candidate.”

In response to host David Greene, Roberts added, “I think it’s unlikely to be a real thing. I’m sure it’s an overreaction of an already skittish party.” She named Vice President Joe Biden as the candidate “everybody” is looking to as a replacement, again, with no indication of who “everybody” is, except by implication that they are party members of unknown rank.

Here’s the full transcript:

GREENE: Cokie, let me start with you. The medical event that we saw from Hillary Clinton, how is — how are Democrats responding to this right now?

ROBERTS: Well, people are angry at the lack of transparency. It was hours before the pneumonia diagnosis was revealed, after seeing this incredibly damaging video of her being helped and stumbling into a van. And, look, there’s a reason why the campaign’s not transparent. Obviously, it gives Trump ammunition. And he’s been setting her up for this for months.

I mean, back in January, he started saying that she didn’t have the strength and stamina to be president. And he knew at some point in the campaign schedule that she, like all candidates, would get exhausted. But the fact that it comes now, when the polls are tightening and Democrats were already saying that Hillary was the only candidate who could not beat Trump — and it’s taking her off of the campaign trail, canceling her trip to California today…

GREENE: Yeah, today. Yeah.

ROBERTS: Right. It has them very nervously beginning to whisper about find — having her step aside and finding another candidate.

GREENE: That is no small thing to say.

ROBERTS: No, exactly.

GREENE: I mean, is that a real thing? Or is this just some nerves after a weekend of…

ROBERTS: No, I don’t think — I think it’s unlikely to be a real thing. And I’m sure it’s an overreaction of an already skittish party. But, you know, they have looked at what happens in that circumstance. And the Democratic National Committee chair convenes the committee, and they vote. Now, ironically, the candidate that everybody looks at is Joe Biden, who, of course, is older than Hillary Clinton. But then again, so is Donald Trump. And, by the way, we know nothing about his health.

GREENE: But I guess important to say, though, there is no indication — I mean, the Clinton campaign has said that she is fine and, I mean, is going to resume her schedule and, I mean…

ROBERTS: Absolutely.


ROBERTS: And that is happening, we assume. But there is enough unhappiness that this kind of sotto voce stuff is going on.

Philip Cohen of Takoma Park, Md., summed up the feelings of many in an email to my office: “Cokie Roberts this morning says Democrats are ‘beginning to whisper about having her step aside and finding another candidate.’ What is her source? Is there some reason her sources for that need to be anonymous? Why should she turn such ‘whispers’ into a shout on Morning Edition, with no real reporting and no sourcing. This was a very irresponsible comment and should be called out.”

And Bob Arguello of San Antonio, Texas, spoke for several listeners when he wrote, “I expect to hear news and objective analysis from NPR, not haphazard conjecture and gossip.”

Was the story more than “conjecture and gossip”? NPR’s head of news, Michael Oreskes, told me by email: “Cokie Roberts discussed her material with two NPR editors before the broadcast. We are comfortable that she had appropriate sourcing.”

A Politico story late Monday seemed to partly support the report, quoting Don Fowler, a former national chairman of the Democratic National Committee, as calling on the party to come up with a contingency plan in the unlikely event Clinton needed to step aside for health reasons. Tuesday, The Wall Street Journal‘s Laura Meckler tweeted: “I just talked to Don Fowler who says he never said what this story says he said.”

NPR’s political team has not reported the story.

I am not casting doubt on Roberts’ sources. I do question the newsroom’s decision to let the story be floated into the national conversation as it was, in what was supposed to be a commentary, without any sourcing offered. NPR policies strictly limit, but do not completely disallow, using anonymous sources, for good reason, and they require that those sources be identified as completely as possible.

Roberts is a former NPR correspondent, well known among listeners from her decade here covering Congress. But at NPR, she long ago transitioned into the role of analyst, and more recently, commentator. NPR has attempted to clarify this change in her status, but has not been very successful, if the emails to my office are an indication.

Roberts declined to discuss her sources. In an email, she said, “With any luck, commentators are reporting all of the time. Otherwise we are just blabbing. Reporting informs commentary. On that Sunday after seeing that video I reached out to some very well-placed Democratic sources to get reaction. If I characterize them beyond that it will have the effect of revealing who they are. I always think it’s important to report what we know, and that’s what I was doing.”

I appreciate the point that commentary can be informed by reporting. But I am concerned about the confusion of roles and how it contributes to the big blur of this election season, where commentary, analysis, partisan argument and reporting have converged, with unfortunate consequences for factual reporting. I’ll have more thoughts on how NPR handles this in an upcoming column.

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Clinton's Doctor Says She Is 'Recovering Well,' Releases More Health Information

Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton leaves her daughter’s apartment building earlier this week after becoming dehydrated at a Sept. 11 memorial service. Brendan Smialowski /AFP/Getty Images hide caption

toggle caption Brendan Smialowski /AFP/Getty Images

Hillary Clinton’s campaign released additional medical information on the Democratic nominee’s health Wednesday, a day before she is set to resume campaigning after being diagnosed with pneumonia.

A two-page letter from the 68-year-old’s personal physician, Lisa Bardack, chair of Internal Medicine at CareMount Medical in Mount Kisco, N.Y., says she is “recovering well with antibiotics and rest” and that Clinton “continues to remain healthy and fit to serve as President of the United States.” The rest of her “complete physical exam was normal and she is in excellent mental condition,” according to Bardack.

Bardack also said she evaluated Clinton nearly two weeks ago, on Sept. 2, “for a 24-hour history of a low grade fever, congestion and fatigue.” Clinton was also treated in January for a sinus and ear infection.

The pneumonia diagnosis Clinton received last Friday came after a noncontrast chest CT scan revealed a small right middle-lobe pneumonia that was a mild, noncontagious bacterial form of the disease. She was treated with Levaquin, an antibiotic, for 10 days.

Clinton’s diagnosis came to light on Sunday after she became overheated and dehydrated at a Sept. 11 memorial service in New York City. She began to feel dizzy and nearly collapsed while getting into a Secret Service van, which took her to her daughter Chelsea’s apartment to rest. The Clinton campaign official said Bardack has since examined her several times, including on Wednesday, and the physician said Clinton “continues to improve.”

In addition to the antibiotics for her pneumonia, Clinton takes three regular medications — Armour Thyroid, used to treat hypothyroidism and other thyroid disorders; Coumadin, which can prevent and treat blood clots; and Clarinex, an allergy medication — and vitamin B-12 as needed.

Clinton had been previously diagnosed with blood clots, and in 2012 while she was secretary of state a clot was discovered in her brain after she had a concussion.

Bardack also said Clinton is “up to date” on her vaccinations, including Prevnar and Pneumovax, pneumonia vaccines. Clinton’s mammogram and breast ultrasound results have been normal.

Her lab tests (vitamin D, CBC, fasting blood glucose, comprehensive metabolic panel, hemoglobin A1-C, vitamin B-12) were all described as “normal” by her physician. Her cholesterol was normal at 189, LDL at 103, HDL at 56, though her triglycerides were somewhat elevated at 159.

Clinton’s blood pressure was 100/70 during her physical, which is normal, along with a heart rate of 70, respiratory rate of 18, temperature of 97.8 and pulse oximetry of 99 percent.

Clinton’s running mate, Virginia Sen. Tim Kaine, has also released health information and we will update this post accordingly.

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Is Running Good Or Bad For Your Health?

Is running good or bad for you?

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There’s no question that running changes your heart.

The issue is whether these changes are good or bad. I don’t mean the occasional three miles once or twice a week, although even this minimal amount of exercise seems to have positive health benefits.

A famous 2014 study led by Duck-chul Lee that followed 55,000 adults for more than 15 years concluded that even modest amounts of running, around 50 minutes a week total, causes a 30 percent drop in all-cause mortality risk and an average increase of three years in lifespan. The results of this study were fairly flat with respect to running time, distance, frequency, amount and speed, compared to non-runners, although persistent runners “had the most significant benefits, with 29 percent and 50 percent lower risks of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, respectively, compared with never-runners.” However, the authors caution that “further research is needed to determine whether there is an upper limit to the amount of vigorous physical activity, beyond which additional exercise provides no further mortality reduction.”

In other words, can too much running be bad for you?

The issue here, as pointed out in an excellent special report by Alex Hutchinson published this month in Runner’s World, is what happens long-term to your heart if you are a pretty serious runner, averaging 20 or more miles a week consistently for a long time.

The controversy heated up after a 2012 editorial in the British journal Heart co-authored by cardiologist James O’Keefe.

“Exercise may be the most important component of a healthy lifestyle, but like any powerful drug you’ve got to get the dose right,” he said.

Excessive running may thicken the heart tissue causing fibrosis or scarring, and this may lead to atrial fibrillation or irregular heartbeat. Prolonged exercise may also lead to “oxidative stress,” a buildup of free radicals that may bind with cholesterol to create plaque in your arteries.

It makes some sense that too much of a good thing may end up being bad for you. The question is how accurate can these assertions be in longitudinal studies where many conflicting factors are taken into account. Every person is different. Different genetic makeup and predisposition to disease, different diet, different lifestyle. These variables, as well as others like body mass index, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels, are routinely either ignored or adjusted in studies to make the statistical analysis more manageable. Unfortunately, we can’t have copies of the same person doing different things for a more direct comparison.

Being 57 and a very serious runner, I have a vested interest in these studies. There’s no question that when I run up steep trails, I can feel the stress in my heart — sometimes to the point that I need to slow down and hike up in order to get things under control. Your body is usually good at telling when you are going over the limit. We all have a max heart rate, and using watches with heart monitors can be immensely useful to track your heart’s effort. However, we can’t see what’s going on inside, whether our heart tissue is getting thicker and our arteries progressively more blocked. Hence, the interest in these discussions among experts, despite their usually confusing conclusions.

As Hutchinson reports, the overall news is fortunately good. A special symposium at this year’s conference of the American College of Sports Medicine, held in Boston, convened many experts, including Duck-chul Lee, Paul Thompson from the Hartford Health-Care Heart and Vascular Institute, and Paul T. Williams, a biostatistician from Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Williams’s studies have been following 156,000 men and women since the early 1990s. The title of the symposium was perfect: “Optimal Dose of Running for Health: Is More Better or Worse?”

Since the 2014 study, Lee has been looking more carefully at the group of more intense runners. His conclusions, still not final, “don’t support that more is worse. But more may not be better.” Williams, on the other hand, insists that more is better. In his huge study, he found that men running at least 40 miles a week (a pretty serious mileage) were 26 percent less likely to develop coronary heart disease than those running just 13 miles per week. According to Williams, the apparent discrepancy between the two studies is sample size: “At 156,000 subjects, we’re bigger than they are. So I’ll stand behind our data.”

Endurance runners can have hearts which are 50 percent bigger than normal: more muscle to pump blood to those working muscles. Their arteries are wider and more expandable so that more blood can flow. Their resting heart rates are slower. They have more abundant capillaries improving blood circulation to tissues. So, even if there would be an increase in calcium buildup in arteries potentially leading to clogging, it could be less damaging than for a non-runner with thinner arteries and less capillaries. Also, in runners such plaques tend to be denser and thus less breakable. The evidence is not final, but it’s also not as bad as many think. The health benefits of running short or long distances are so overwhelmingly positive that they swamp potential dangers.

Plus, there is a whole different aspect to this discussion, the psychological reasons why people run. Serious runners have a commitment that goes beyond just exercising for good health. Generally, the more they run, the more they feel connected to their inner-selves, the more clearly they see themselves and the tasks ahead. There’s something exhilarating about running, the freedom to move on a road or on a trail, that sends us back to our primal selves. If you are a beginner, it may take a while to break through the initial barrier of physical discomfort. But with persistence comes big payoff. And this is an emotional, not just a medical, payoff.

As we evolved as bipeds, we became able to run for long distances after prey, having a endurance antelope or deer don’t have. This is engraved in our genetic makeup, imprinted in our being. Modern life takes this away from us, as we spend hours a day sitting in front of screens, motionless. (As I am right now, writing this.) The act of running connects us with our ancient past, awakening a part of us that lays dormant, hidden underneath our daily routine.

Every runner should listen to his or her body and slow down and stop if necessary. I even wear an ID band, just in case something bad happens on some remote mountain trail. Consulting a sports physician is essential, if you are to become a serious runner.

But, once potential medical factors are ruled out, those of us who love running can’t live without it. Whatever goes on in the heart and arteries, the mind only gets clearer on the road.

Marcelo Gleiser is a theoretical physicist and cosmologist — and a professor of natural philosophy, physics and astronomy at Dartmouth College. He is the co-founder of 13.7 and an active promoter of science to the general public. His latest book is The Simple Beauty of the Unexpected: A Natural Philosopher’s Quest for Trout and the Meaning of Everything. You can keep up with Marcelo on Facebook and Twitter: @mgleiser

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