Boogarins On World Cafe

Boogarins performing at World Cafe Live in Philadelphia.

Boogarins performing at World Cafe Live in Philadelphia. Breanna Keohane/WXPN hide caption

toggle caption Breanna Keohane/WXPN

  • “Tempo”
  • “Auchma”

The Brazilian band Boogarins makes its World Cafe debut with a performance recorded onstage at World Cafe Live and an interview with guitarists Dinho Almeida and Benke Ferraz, who started the band while attending high school in the small central Brazilian city of Goiânia. The band’s psychedelic music features Almeida’s and Ferraz’s intertwined guitars and is influenced by Tropicália, the Brazilian art movement that gave rise to artists like Os Mutantes and Caetano Veloso in the 1960s.

Boogarins’ music spread from Goiânia throughout Brazil and finally attracted the attention of the staff at the New York City record store Other Music, which released the band’s debut album internationally in 2013. Boogarins’ latest record, Manual, Or Free Guide To The Dissolution Of Dreams, came out in October 2015. Hear the conversation and performance above.


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Mayor Of Paris Announces Plans To Temporarily House Migrants

Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo attends a press conference in Paris on Monday.

Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo attends a press conference in Paris on Monday. Bertrand Guay/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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The mayor of Paris announced Tuesday that she plans to build a camp for migrants and refugees in the north of France’s capital.

Mayor Anne Hidalgo said the camp’s exact location would be determined in the next few days and that the facility would be set up within the next six weeks, the BBC reports.

“Paris will not stand by and do nothing as the Mediterranean becomes a graveyard of refugees,” Hidalgo said at a news conference, according to The Guardian. U.N. officials fear hundreds of migrants may have died in shipwrecks in the Mediterranean over the past week alone.

The BBC notes that hundreds of migrants are already staying in and around the northern part of Paris, in makeshift camps. Many say they are en route to other countries in Europe and do not plan to stay in France.

The Associated Press reports that Hidalgo has previously sparked controversy in Paris with a plan to open a homeless shelter near a “chic neighborhood.”

The mayor says her proposed migrant camp would offer dignity to migrants and refugees, the AP says:

“The Socialist mayor said several times she hopes the state will be a “partner” in the project, which she said must conform to international norms for refugees.

“She said Parisians have a humane duty to help the have-not travelers, adding that she’s confident ‘the Paris population will be at our side.’ “

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Questions Over Trump's Donations To Veterans Boil Over

Donald Trump reads a list of donations he says were made to veterans groups following a fundraiser he held in Iowa back in January.

Donald Trump reads a list of donations he says were made to veterans groups following a fundraiser he held in Iowa back in January. Richard Drew/AP hide caption

toggle caption Richard Drew/AP

In his most combative news conference yet, in a campaign where he’s set a new standard for a contentious relationship with the news media, Donald Trump today finally addressed weeks of questions about a claim that he raised $6 million for veterans groups at a campaign event in Des Moines, Iowa, back in January.

Speaking at his namesake Trump Tower in New York City, the presumptive GOP nominee continued to attack journalists for even asking questions about where the money went.

Prior to today, only about $4 million of the fund had been accounted for as paid to veterans charities and service organizations by various news outlets, chiefly the Washington Post. Just last week, Trump pledged $1 million to the Marine Corps-Law Enforcement Foundation, so the total was at most $4.6 million before then.

He engaged in a social media battle over the issue with the Post, saying he’s being attacked for trying do to something for veterans, always adding that raising millions of dollars was something he didn’t have to do. “I have never received such bad publicity for doing such a good job,” Trump complained.

Amazingly, with all of the money I have raised for the vets, I have got nothing but bad publicity from the dishonest and disgusting media.

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) May 24, 2016

Today in New York, he grudgingly released the list of organizations that Trump says got the money – now listed as $5.6 million. He predicted that it’ll continue to grow, eventually topping the originally cited $6 million figure.

A list of veterans groups Donald Trump says received donations due to his fundraising efforts.

A list of veterans groups Donald Trump says received donations due to his fundraising efforts. Donald J. Trump For President, Inc. hide caption

toggle caption Donald J. Trump For President, Inc.

Here’s the full list.

But that didn’t stop Trump’s from continuing to attack the press for asking for accountability about the money.

He called reporters “extremely dishonest,” “sleazy,” “biased,” “nasty,” “not good people” and more.

He added, “The press should be ashamed of themselves. On behalf of the vets they should be ashamed of themselves.”

Trump also asserted that ALL of the money had gone to the groups, and that “zero dollars” went to administrative costs.

Finally, he offered reasons for the delay in releasing the list of recipients. Trump said organizations needed to be vetted to ensure their legitimacy and their non-profit status. “We needed to vet the vets.” Plus, he insisted that he wanted to do all of this privately, that he “didn’t want credit.” One reporter asked, if Trump didn’t want credit, then why repeatedly remind people at events and on television that he’d raised $6 million for veterans? Isn’t that “taking credit” the reporter added? Trump responded, “It’s not.”

One shouted question was, “Don’t you believe you should be accountable?” Trump responded, “I’m totally accountable. But I didn’t want credit for it.”

At another point Trump said simply, “I don’t think it’s anybody’s business if I want to send money to the vets.”

He was asked why he resents the mere act of verifying the contributions. Trump said, “Because I wanted to make this out of the goodness of my heart. I didn’t want to do this where the press was involved.”

And, from a Fox News journalist, “Is asking a question an attack?”

Trump shot back, “From the political press it is, I see the stories they write.”

It went on like this for 40 minutes. Reporters probing and pushing for information. Trump making no attempt to hide his contempt for them. One questioner wondered if this is what it would be like when a President Trump meets with the White House Press Corps.

The candidate shot back, “Yes, it is.”

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From Medical Maggots To Stench Soup, 'Grunt' Explores The Science Of Warfare

Frank Rossoto Stocktrek/Frank Rossoto Stocktrek

Frank Rossoto Stocktrek/Getty Images

Science writer Mary Roach is not easily repulsed. While researching her latest book, Grunt, Roach learned all about the medicinal use of maggots in World War I. She also purposely sniffed a putrid scent known as “Who me?” that was developed as an experimental weapon during World War II.

For Roach, it’s all in the name of research. “I’m kind of the bottom-feeder of science writing,” Roach jokes to Fresh Air’s Terry Gross. “I’m just someone who is OK with being very out there with my curiosity.”

Roach’s curiosity compelled her in previous books to dive deep into the science of cadavers, sex and digestion. Now, in Grunt, she examines the science of warfare — specifically some of the scientific developments that help prevent wounds from becoming infected, and improve the chances that soldiers will endure the heat of the desert and survive explosions.

Interview Highlights

On combating the problem of diarrhea in the military

It’s particularly serious among special operations service members — Army Rangers, Navy SEALs, people who are operating off the main bases in quite remote rural areas in villages where there isn’t a safe water supply. They may be eating food that’s been contaminated by flies, not refrigerated, so they’re getting diarrhea at a rate that’s twice what the average enlisted person is getting.

And the average enlisted person — there was a study done, I think it was 2003 to [2004] and they asked people, “How often did you come down with diarrhea, and what kind?” Seventy-some percent had diarrhea — 40 percent bad enough that they sought medical treatment, and 32 percent were in a situation where they couldn’t get to a toilet in time.

You could imagine if you were a special operations team, like three or four people going to do some highly classified critical mission where you can’t really stop and say, “Hold on, I got to go behind that rock.” …

The researcher that I accompanied at Camp Lemonnier [in Djibouti] is Capt. Mark Riddle, who is with the Navy, and he’s looking at a better treatment regimen for traveler’s diarrhea, which can really put you out of commission for a while. He’s looking at a one-dose regimen, rather than three or four days; it was something that you could take, and within the day start to be feeling better and be over it.

On maggots used to clean and heal wounds during WWI

This was a battlefield in World War I, and there was a medical man, William Baer, with the French expeditionary forces, and he noticed that a couple of his patients had come in with these wounds on the legs and on the genitals. They had been out in the field for seven days. They’d been lying there, they were brought in, and the wounds were infested with maggots. …

Initially there was that revulsion of, “Oh my God we’ve got to clean them out.” And they did clean them out, and then what he saw was this beautiful pink, new, fresh tissue that had grown in.

The maggots had been impressively effective at debriding the wound — that is, eating the dead tissue — which is important in wound healing. You want to let the fresh tissue have a chance to grow. The dead tissue doesn’t get blood, it doesn’t heal. It stands in the way of healing.

The maggots also seemed to prevent infection … so it was this kind of miraculous feat that the maggots had achieved. And William Baer some years later, back in civilian life, he kept thinking about this and he thought, I’m going to try this. There were some children with bone infections — it was TB infection of the bone — and he tried the maggots, and it worked.

You can imagine that was a fairly brave thing to do, to place maggots in these children’s wounds. But they were wounds that had not responded to other treatment or surgery, and it actually worked. There’s work going on still today with maggot therapy, as it’s called. Actually, the FDA has approved maggots as a medical device. … I can actually tell you the Medicare reimbursement number for maggots.

On the problem of using maggots in modern hospitals

Not only is there a revulsion factor that you have to overcome with the staff — the nurses are going to have to go in — you’re going to have to clean the maggots out after a couple of days. You don’t want them to pupate, become flies, because you think, flies flying around a hospital is the last thing you would ever want, because a fly can spread disease from landing on material in the bathroom and then landing on a wound. It’s the last thing you’d want in a hospital, so you have to be careful using maggots. …

They’re not any old maggots. They’re a particular kind of bottle fly. They’re from a company called Medical Maggots. They come with a dosage card — it’s something like five to eight maggots per such-and-such square centimeters. … They come in a vial, kind of like drugs. You don’t want to just sort of attract any kind of fly to come and lay eggs in a wound. That would be a little dicey. … You need a prescription, though!

On the usage of stink bombs during WWII

I use the term “stink bomb” sort of casually … this was more specifically a … squirtable spray, or a smearable paste. The idea was to get this very simple, cheap weapon into the hands of resistance organizations. People in occupied countries — France, China — give it to them, and they would surreptitiously approach officers, German or Japanese officers, and squirt this little 2-inch tube of this very heavily researched and tested, very foul smelling odor, which was nicknamed “Who Me?” as in “Who dealt it.” So it was a kind of surreal and bizarre chapter in the history of World War II. …

The thought was to give motivated citizens things that they could easily and cheaply use to undermine morale, to isolate, humiliate these officers. It’s a very small gesture; it wasn’t going to turn the tide of war. And in fact, “Who Me?” — this smell paste — was never deployed. The project went on for two years. And a lot of testing went on, because of a tremendous amount of difficulty with the delivery system. The tubes tended to leak and dribble, and then the operator, himself or herself, would have this stench on their hand. … It was a bit of a fiasco.

On the ongoing research to find a universal bad smell for stink bombs

There’s still work that goes on. Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia has done work over the years on malodorants. They created one called “Stench Soup.” This was the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate, back in the ’90s, commissioned them to come up with a universally loathed scent, because there are some cultural differences. They actually looked into different cultural reactions to the scent of vomit, of burned hair, of dirty feet, all of these different odors to see, “Can we find one that is universally loathed?” And then we could use that in any military setting, in any country, in any culture. It’s very hard to do. If you don’t know what you are smelling — for example, butyric acid, depending on the context, may smell like smelly feet or it may smell like Parmesan cheese, just completely depends on the context, whether you think it smells good or bad. …

I actually have, in a box in my closet, a sample of “stench soup.” It’s in a bottle that is double bagged and sealed with paraffin and packed in a box and I haven’t had the courage to open up, because the last time I opened up something that came from the Monell Chemical Senses Center, which was an old archival sample of “Who Me?” and I opened it up out on the deck, it was quite some time before anybody could go out on the deck. I actually gagged. As you can imagine, I’m not easily repulsed or … disgusted.

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Andrew Bird: Tiny Desk Concert

May 31, 20162:00 PM ET

It’s been a joy to hear the music of Andrew Bird shift and change. Bird’s early music, from the late ’90s, was steeped in hot jazz and blues music from the early days of the phonograph, then later shifted to new technologies using loop pedals to layer voice, whistling and violin. His lyrics often have a calculated quality, filled with abundant wordplay and observations.

This year, Bird made one of his most personal albums, Are You Serious. So it felt appropriate that he would play some of his most personal work in this most intimate of settings, the Tiny Desk.

For this performance of three new songs, Bird came with a stripped-down acoustic band: just drums, upright bass and acoustic guitar, with Bird himself on violin. It functioned something like a hot jazz ensemble, with no effects pedals; just the songs, front and center, sounding perfect.

Are You Serious is available now. (iTunes) (Amazon)

Set List
  • “Are You Serious”
  • “Roma Fade'”
  • “Capsized”

Producers: Bob Boilen, Niki Walker; Audio Engineer: Josh Rogosin; Videographers: Niki Walker, Kara Frame, Colin Marshall; Production Assistant: Jackson Sinnenberg; Photo: Brandon Chew/NPR.

For more Tiny Desk concerts, subscribe to our podcast.

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Animal Rights Group Calls For Federal Fines For Cincinnati Zoo

An animal rights group is calling on the United States Department of Agriculture to fine the Cincinnati Zoo after it killed a gorilla named Harambe to protect a child who had climbed into its enclosure.

“The Cincinnati Zoo failed both the public and Harambe by maintaining an enclosure which allowed a member of the public to gain access to a potentially dangerous animal,” Michael A. Budkie, the executive director of Stop Animal Exploitation Now!, said in a statement.

The organization filed a complaint with the USDA, which regulates zoos under the Animal Welfare Act, saying the zoo was negligent and should be fined $10,000, the maximum amount under the law.

Yesterday, the zoo defended its actions saying it had to kill the gorilla to save the life of the toddler. Thane Maynard, director of the Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden, said its enclosures met federal standards and is safe.

According to USDA records, the zoo has been cited on a few unrelated issues. Once in May after a keeper left a door open and two polar bears walked into the keeper area and in November 2014, the USDA found problems with the conditions of the enclosures for a colobus monkey and two Prezewalski horses.

The Association of Zoos and Aquariums also inspected the zoo, but a spokesman said those reports are confidential.

“I can tell you that the Cincinnati Zoo has been a continuously accredited member of AZA since 1978, and was last inspected in 2014,” Rob Vernon said in a email.

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Supreme Court Declines Trump Resorts Case That Stripped Workers' Benefits

Union members demonstrate outside the Trump Taj Mahal casino in Atlantic City, N.J., earlier this year to protest new owner Carl Icahn's refusal to reinstate health insurance and pension benefits that previous owners eliminated in bankruptcy court.

Union members demonstrate outside the Trump Taj Mahal casino in Atlantic City, N.J., earlier this year to protest new owner Carl Icahn’s refusal to reinstate health insurance and pension benefits that previous owners eliminated in bankruptcy court. Wayne Parry/AP hide caption

toggle caption Wayne Parry/AP

On a day when all things Trump seem to be in the news, the Supreme Court got into the act too on Tuesday.

The justices let stand lower court rulings in favor of Trump Entertainment Resorts and against 1,000 unionized casino workers.

In 2014, Trump Entertainment Resorts, including the Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City, N.J., was in dire straights financially. When the company filed for bankruptcy protection, it won a ruling from a federal bankruptcy judge stripping the casino workers of their health insurance and payments to the pension fund.

The union appealed, arguing that those benefits were part of the collective bargaining agreement in which salary had been sacrificed to pay for health insurance. But a federal appeals court upheld the bankruptcy court order, and on Tuesday the Supreme Court, without comment, declined to review it.

Trump has had only had a minor stock interest in Trump Entertainment Resorts since its second bankruptcy in 1992. The company is now owned by billionaire Carl Icahn, an avid Trump supporter.

The Supreme Court receives some 9,000 appeals each term, from which it selects only 70-80 for review. Failure to hear a case leaves the lower court decision in place but does not indicate either approval or disapproval.

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In Omaha, A Library With No Books Brings Technology To All

Students at Do Space learn to use a laser cutter during a crash course on how to design a key chain.

Students at Do Space learn to use a laser cutter during a crash course on how to design a key chain. Joy Carey/NET News hide caption

toggle caption Joy Carey/NET News

On the corner of the busiest intersection in Omaha, Neb., there’s a square cement building, wrapped on two sides with a flashing LED billboard promoting the high-tech equipment and classes inside.

“I thought it was a 3-D printer sales place,” says Frank Fu, a high school student.

Earlier this year, Fu stumbled upon Do Space, a technology library providing free access to powerful PCs loaded with software used by businesses and artists. There are 3-D printers and laser cutters.

“It was exactly what I was looking for, and I never knew there was a place anywhere like it, and it turns out there’s not,” Fu says.

There are no books in this library. Instead it’s jammed with high-end technology that it provides free to the public.

As director Rebecca Stavick tells visitors, it’s a logical evolution from traditional libraries.

“I’ve always thought of libraries as places full of tools. Books are tools, scrolls are tools, computers are tools,” she says. “This vision of bringing technology to everyone in the community, it just gets people very excited.”

Taxpayers didn’t fund this library. Instead, Heritage Services, a coalition of Omaha philanthropists, donated $7 million to renovate the building — which had been a Borders bookstore — and pay for computers, 3-D printers and the Internet bandwidth. Sue Morris speaks for the donors.

“With 1 [gigabit] minimum, to go up to 10 gig, to have that in a public building that’s free?” she says. “That’s really amazing; that is unheard of anywhere.”

That computing power also makes it a launchpad for entrepreneurs.

“We know people run businesses out of this building, and we’re OK with that,” Morris says.

Computer programmer Hans Bekale manages his small multimedia business from Do Space.

Computer programmer Hans Bekale manages his small multimedia business from Do Space. Bill Kelly/NET News hide caption

toggle caption Bill Kelly/NET News

Hans Bekale is among them.

“This is probably the biggest dream of any developer, anybody in this space, to have a place like this, right?” he says. “Because this is our modern-day office.”

Bekale manages his small multimedia business from Do Space. He says technology attracted him, as well as the informal community of creative people who hang out there.

“I would be locked into my office, just sort of myself, right? Not hearing fresh ideas,” he says. “Some of the simplest and the most innovative things that I’ve thought of just happened through conversation.”

Across the country, other libraries are expanding their tech options, from 3-D printers to video equipment. Susan Benton of the Urban Libraries Council says the Omaha experiment takes the concept to a new level.

“To be sure, other public libraries are looking at this,” Benton says. “The density of the technology, and the scope and the ability for a variety of programming to be going on at the same time, in one space, is unique.”

It can be loud at Do Space, and the range of activity under way is a little disorienting — from enthusiastic little kids gaming in front of a giant flat screen to classes for the blind on using home computers.

High school student Frank Fu uses the laser cutter and 3-D printer to design jewelry he sells online.

“The people that you meet at the Do Space, it’s diverse,” he says. “You never know if they’re going to become your next business partner or your next best friend.”

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Can Planting More Milkweed Save Monarch Butterflies? It's Complicated

Monarchs spend their winters in the central mountains of Mexico before traveling up through the United States to Canada.

Monarchs spend their winters in the central mountains of Mexico before traveling up through the United States to Canada. Sandy and Chuck Harris/Flickr hide caption

toggle caption Sandy and Chuck Harris/Flickr

Monarch butterflies are disappearing.

Populations of these distinctive black and orange migratory insect have been in precipitous decline for the last 20 years. But scientists aren’t exactly sure what’s causing them to vanish.

So far, potential culprits include disease, climate change, drought and deforestation. Everyone from loggers to suburban developers has been implicated. But much of the blame has been placed on farmers and the pesticides they rely on — pesticides that have reduced the milkweed that monarch caterpillars feast on. Now, however, scientists say that may not be the full story.

Every spring hundreds of thousands of monarchs sweep across the Great Plains from Mexico to Canada, and then back again in the fall. It’s an amazing journey, one that takes place over multiple generations for the butterflies. The insects breed while traveling north, expending four generations to make it to Canada. The final generation then flies all the way back to Mexico to spend the winter there.

Monarch populations are measured in hectares (roughly two and half acres). Surveys of their wintering habitats in the central mountains of Mexico show dense populations of monarchs at an average of more than nine hectares during the winters from 1995 to 2002. In 2014, monarchs took up less than one hectare.

Since the late 1990s scientists have been trying to find the pinch point for monarchs: the spot along their migration where they run into trouble.

“Monarch caterpillars feed exclusively on milkweed plants, so people always thought that the decline in milkweed is causing the decline in monarch butterflies,” says Hidetoshi Inamine at Cornell University, a doctoral student in evolutionary biology and ecology.

Milkweed is actually a class of more than 100 varieties of leafy green plants, so named for the milky sap that oozes from its stem when snapped. It’s literal lifeblood for the monarch caterpillars, serving as the insect’s sole food source early in their life cycle. But since the plant serves no utility for Midwest farmers, it is often plowed under, pulled out or blasted with herbicides.

However, so far, according to a recent National Academy of Sciences report on genetically engineered crops, scientists haven’t been able to prove that disappearing milkweed is causing the caterpillars to starve.

And Inamine’s recent paper suggests that declining milkweed may not be the biggest threat to monarchs.

He and a team of researchers found that most of the monarch decline is happening when the butterflies turn around in Canada to head back south, no longer reliant on milkweed. Fully-grown butterflies feed on other plants, especially flowers laden with nectar. With some nectar-bearing plants also on the decline, Inamine says that could be a far greater threat to the mature butterflies than the decrease in Midwestern milkweed.

Still, Inamine notes, “we don’t know what’s causing the decline per se.” Studies suggests that a combination of factors — including habitat fragmentation, severe weather, climate change, disease and deforestation — could be to blame.

Even if milkweed isn’t the likely bottleneck, scientists say planting more of it could give populations a boost as they travel north across the Great Plains.

That’s led community groups, conservation activists and government grants to make their way into rural America, determined to slowly reshape the Great Plains in the hope that more milkweed means more butterflies.

Bob Trout is one of those volunteer leaders. He’s the head of the Loveland Initiative for Monarch Butterflies, out of Loveland, Colo. On a windy, rainy spring morning, he was decked out in a bright orange jacket, working along the banks of the Big Thompson River. Trout is a big fan of monarchs.

“They are gorgeous. They are just absolutely gorgeous butterfly caterpillars,” Trout says. “And the chrysalis — with the jade green with the gold dots around the rim — is just fantastic-looking.”

Loveland, Colo., resident Mary Pullen (left) and her son Nick Balla plant milkweed near the Big Thompson river as part of a community campaign to restore milkweed in the area.

Loveland, Colo., resident Mary Pullen (left) and her son Nick Balla plant milkweed near the Big Thompson river as part of a community campaign to restore milkweed in the area. Luke Runyon/KUNC and Harvest Public Media hide caption

toggle caption Luke Runyon/KUNC and Harvest Public Media

He’s in charge of a team of volunteers, here to plant the edges of small ponds and the river’s banks with milkweed. Volunteers use hammers and stakes to make holes in the hard-packed soil.

“We’re trying to save the migration is what we’re trying to do,” he says.

Trout mentions the use of glyphosate, more commonly known as RoundUp, the ubiquitous herbicide sold by agrochemical giant Monsanto, as a possible cause of monarch decline. Studies have shown milkweed abundance declined by 58 percent from 1999 to 2010. Without milkweed, Trout says, how are monarchs to flourish in a crucial migration corridor?

There’s still “no consensus among researchers that increased glyphosate use is not at all associated with decreased monarch populations,” according to the NAS report.

In the interim, some of the largest agrochemical companies in the world are stepping up to incentivize farmers to not only plant milkweed, but keep butterfly habitat from fragmenting even further.

Monarch caterpillars feed exclusively on milkweed.

Monarch caterpillars feed exclusively on milkweed. Ellen Woods/Courtesy of Cornell University hide caption

toggle caption Ellen Woods/Courtesy of Cornell University

“We always look for simple solutions or simple blame,” says Caydee Savinelli, pollinator stewardship lead for the agrochemical giant Syngenta.

Savinelli is part of a group of conservationists, ag companies and farm groups trying to restore and protect some habitat in the Midwest to provide both more milkweed and more nectar plants for monarchs as they migrate north and south. She says farmers are receptive to keeping more butterfly habitat intact, but it’s taken some convincing.

“In the case of milkweed, after telling them for the past 30 years, ‘You need to eliminate it,’ now we’re saying, ‘Bring it back.’ So there’s going to be some learning, for sure,” Savinelli says.

Back on the banks of the Big Thompson River in Loveland, Colo., Mary Pullen and her son Nick Balla are pulling tiny milkweed plants from their containers and planting them in the ground.

“I’m not going to be able to go out and fight the big agriculture concerns,” Balla says. “But if there’s a little corner where it would be deemed effective to plant milkweed and that could possibly help, then great.”

While scientists argue about where and when monarchs are being hurt during their migration, Pullen will be doing her part to help the migratory butterflies.

“It’s a very small thing,” she says. But, “it could end up being a big thing with a lot of people doing little things.

Luke Runyon reports for Harvest Public Media and is based at member station KUNC in Greeley, Colo.

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Animal Rights Groups Angered Over Silverback Gorilla Shooting

A boy brings flowers to put beside a statue of a gorilla outside the shuttered Gorilla World exhibit at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden, Monday, May 30, 2016, in Cincinnati. A gorilla named Harambe was killed by a special zoo response team on Saturday after a 4-year-old boy slipped into an exhibit and it was concluded his life was in danger. (/John Minchillo/AP)

A boy brings flowers to put beside a statue of a gorilla outside the shuttered Gorilla World exhibit at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden, Monday, May 30, 2016, in Cincinnati. A gorilla named Harambe was killed by a special zoo response team on Saturday after a 4-year-old boy slipped into an exhibit and it was concluded his life was in danger. (John Minchillo/AP)

Animal rights advocates are upset over the shooting death of an endangered Silverback gorilla by Cincinnati Zoo, after a 4-year old boy fell into his enclosure. The death has sparked debate over the practice of keeping animals in captivity. Zoo officials say they believed the boy’s life was at risk, and were forced to kill the 17-year old gorilla to protect the boy.

Here & Now’s Robin Young speaks with Vicki Croke, Here & Now‘s animal reporter.


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